PLUTARCH°

PLUTARCH° (c. 46–120 C.E.), Greek biographer and antiquarian. He discusses whether the Jews abstain from the use of swine's flesh out of reverence for the animal or because of aversion to it (Quaestiones Conviviales, 4). In a symposium (ibid.) "Who is the God of the Jews," Bacchus is identified with the God of the Jews and the Bacchanalian celebrations with the Festival of Tabernacles. "They set up tables laden with all kindsof fruit and live in tents and in huts made of vine branches and ivy intertwined. The first day of this Festival is called the Festival of Tabernacles" (Gr. skēnē, "tent"). This identification is refuted by his contemporary tacitus (Historiae, 5:5). Plutarch also mentions the widespread anti-Jewish slander (cf. apion and Tacitus) that the Jews worshiped the head of an ass because that animal helped them discover wells of water in the wilderness. In his essay on superstition, Plutarch states that the Jews did not defend their city on Sabbath, but remained "clothed in their superstition, as if in a great net." Plutarch's treatment of Judaism is prompted by neither hatred nor respect. The Jewish religion was considered by cultured pagans a pious superstition, in common with other Oriental cults. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Reinach, Textes, 136–50. (Samuel Rosenblatt)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Plutarch — (griechisch Πλούταρχος, lateinisch: Plutarchus; * um 45 in Chaironeia; † um 125) war ein griechischer Schriftsteller und Verfasser zahlreicher biographischer und philosophischer Schriften. Durch große literarische und philosophische Bildung… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Plutárch — Plutárch, griech. Schriftsteller, geb. um 46 n.Chr. zu Chäronea in Bäotien, gest. das. als Archon und Priester des delphischen Apollo (um 95 125 n.Chr.); schrieb 46 Lebensbeschreibungen berühmter Griechen und Römer, hg. von Sintenis (neue. Ausg …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Plutarch — Plutarch, griech. Schriftsteller aus Chäronea, geb. um 50 n. Chr., gest. zwischen 120 und 134; wir besitzen von ihm 44 vergleichende Lebensbeschreibungen (Parallelbiographien) berühmter Griechen u. Römer u. 5 Biographien, sehr anziehend… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Plutarch — [plo͞o′tärk΄] A.D. 46? 120?; Gr. biographer & historian …   English World dictionary

  • Plutarch — For other uses, see Plutarch (disambiguation). Not to be confused with Petrarch. Plutarch Lucius Mestrius Plutarchus Μέστριος Πλούταρχος Parallel Lives, Amyot translation, 1565 Born c …   Wikipedia

  • Plutarch — /plooh tahrk/, n. A.D. c46 c120, Greek biographer. * * * Greek Plutarchos Latin Plutarchus born AD 46, Chaeronea, Boeotia died after 119 Greek biographer and author. The son of a biographer and philosopher, Plutarch studied in Athens, taught in… …   Universalium

  • Plutarch — Classical Author Before AD 50 after AD 120.     The works of the *Greek writer, Plutarch of Chaeronea, have preserved, in its fullest form, one of Egypt s greatest myths, although the same story occurs earlier in the writings of *Diodorus Siculus …   Ancient Egypt

  • Plutarch — noun /ˈpluː.tɑːk,ˈplu.tɑɹk/ a) The classical historian and essayist Lucius Mestrius Plutarchus (46 120 ). Often used as a byword for a biographer, to suggest that the writer is especially skilled or has other attributes associated with Plutarch.… …   Wiktionary

  • Plutarch — (c. AD 50–120) Greek born writer and Middle Platonist. Plutarch was born in Chaeronea in Boeotia, studied at Athens, and went to Rome, returning to spend the last decades of his life as a priest at Delphi. His most famous work, the Lives, is… …   Philosophy dictionary

  • Plutarch — Plutạrch,   griechisch Plutarchos, griechischer philosophischer Schriftsteller, * Chaironeia um 46 n. Chr., ✝ um 120. Aus angesehener Familie stammend, schloss sich Plutarch in Athen der platonischen Akademie an, wurde jedoch auch von Stoa und… …   Universal-Lexikon

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.